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Brigade ,,Ney" 1

History

The origin of what will become SS Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” (1)  is a Hungarian veterans association called “The Comradeship Federation of the Eastern Front”(KABSZ) formed in 1944 by veterans of the Don River army. The Director of the Association was Dr Bela Imredy (2) Due to their nationalistic outlook the members decide to form a unit that could serve with the Waffen SS.

October 6 1944: A single member of the KABSZ visits one of the leaders of the anti-German resistance and informs him that extreme elements of the KABSZ are preparing for a take-over in two days.

October 7 1944: A raid takes place on the KABSZ Vörösmarty street headquarters at dusk. The organisation's management escapes into the Swabian mountains however and places itself under SS protection.

October 8 1944: At the appropriate time, certain buildings would have had to be occupied, and the KABSZ organisation undertook an active part in the preparation of a take-over. The documents underpinning all these were stored at KABSZheadquarters and disappear on this day. In the following days the majority of the members of the KABSZ (some of them having already received German call-up papers) were informing each other about the situation, reporting to the SS (3)

October 15 1944: A small unit of the members of the KABSZ (wearing SS uniforms but still wearing their death-head armbands) is involved in the German led coup. In doing so, the group led by Károly Ney is subordinated to the 22nd SS volunteer cavalry division ,,Maria Theresia” which temporarily encloses the castle

October 20 1944: An agreement is reached to permit veteran volunteers from the Comradeship to enlist into the Waffen SS via the SS-Ersatzkommando Ungarn. They are intended as replacements for 22. SS Cavalry Division ,,Maria Theresia”. The commander of the unit is Obersturmfuhrer Dr Karl Ney, the brigade adjutant is Obersturmfuhrer Lajos Koermendy-Wache. (4)

October 21 1944: The unit is issued with weapons at Veszprém

October 22 1944: The unit officially becomes part of 22. SS Artillery Regiment and becomes its guard unit.

October 30 1944: SS Brigade ,,Ney” reaches battalion size

November 1 1944: The new unit is sent to Bakonyer forest for formation and training (5) by Waffen-SS instructors speaking in Hungarian.

November 17 1944: While the unit is training in Veszprém the Hungarian political leadership dissolves the KABSZ association which results in more volunteers going to Sur

December 24 1944: The number of men increases to regiment size.(approximately 1600 men)

Order of battle
 
HQ Company
 
I Infantry Battalion
 
II Infantry Battalion

Supply Company

 

 

Károly Ney returns to Sur from a Officers training course in Hirschberg and finds the regiment is almost combat ready.

 

On this day Russian forces surround Budapest and cuts off Brigade ,,Ney” from its parent division. Most of the supply company of 22. SS Division ,,Maria Theresia” along with the 22. SS artillery company are with Brigade ,,Ney” at Sur so avoid being surrounded.

Around this time the German army leadership have the idea of using SS Brigade ,,Ney” to go behind the front lines as a Reconnaissance and sabotage unit. Ney rejects this request, saying that preparing for the tasks would have pushed the corps's combat readiness back by months and so SS Brigade ,,Ney” does not go on the parachute course.

December 25 1944: Due to 22 SS Division ,,Maria Theresia” being cut off in Budapest the unit is assigned to IV SS Panzer Corps (6)

December 28/29 1944: According to one source one of the battalions of kampfgruppe ,,Ney” under the command of SS-Obersturmführer Gyula Dömötör is transported to Balatonakarattya from the Hajmáskér parade ground, where it is to help both the Hungarian 25. Infantry division and the German III. Panzer corps.

January 1 1945: Regimental strength is approximately 2 000 men. Two battalions from the kampfgruppe take part in Operation Konrad I & II to help relieve Budapest (7)  (this continues until January 12 1945)

January 8 1945: From 23.00 Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” is assigned to 1st Panzer Division. (8)

January 11 1945: A third combat ready battalion reports for duty (9)

January 13 1945: kampfgruppe ,,Ney” is removed from the IV. SS Panzer Corps

January 18 1945: During Konrad III Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” is split into 2 units. At dawn Battalions I and II are involved in the first wave of attacks in the Varpalota region along side the 1st Panzer Division (10) and III battalion (11) is assigned to the second wave in the Balatonkenese area. After heavy fighting a breakthrough is made near Retipuszta.

January 19 1945: Battalions I and II along with the rest of Kampfgruppe ,,Huppert” are involved in heavy fighting around Palmajor trying to advance to Sarszentmihaly.

January 20 1945: III Battalion numbering 400-420 men rise at 05.00 and by 07.00 after reaching their starting positions join in the attack and soon reaches Nadasladany and Szabadbattyan. By evening III Battalion along with Panzer Grenadier Regiment 1 have broken through the Russian lines at Edinapustza and crossed the Sarviz canal.Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” is subordinated to the Hungarian units under the command of SS- Obersturmführer Levetzo Obersturmfuhrer Károly Ney does not take a part in the manoeuvre as a commander  

January 21 1945: Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” and Panzer Grenadier Regiment 1 takes part in the advance into Székesfehérvár (Stuhlweissenburg). At 20.00 Battalions I and II attack from the west and III Battalion attacks from the south (12) Kampfgruppe ,,Ney”takes part in heavy fighting in the Székesfehérvár (Stuhlweissenburg) suburbs whilst trying to capture the town .At one point there is a danger that the SS battle group may be cut off as a force of 400-500 Russians advance approximately 500 metres on the right wing of SS Brigade ,,Ney” and comes close to Sárpentele behind them Artillery support is asked for on the radio and the German-Hungarian forces are pressed back into Székesfehérvár (Stuhlweissenburg),In the afternoon Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” becomes part of the Holste division group (13)

January 22 1945: SS Brigade ,,Ney” takes part in the capture of Székesfehérvár (Stuhlweissenburg)  and takes part in the mopping up operations. A resident remembered “ later a Hungarian military patrol came onto the refuge (around 12.30). On their left arm was a black band with a skull on (this was the armband of the KABSZ) After the salute he was told that their aim was to go to Fehervar by the coast of Lake Velence and along the main road to the capital”.

January 23 1945: 1st Panzergrenadier Regiment withdraws from Székesfehérvár (Stuhlweissenburg) leaving Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” and the 20th Hungarian Infantry Division to defend the area. (14) (This lasts until March 22) The bulk of Brigade ,,Ney “ returns to Sur leaving behind one battalion.A company of Hungarian airforce men are absorbed by SS Brigade ,,Ney”

January 25 1945: Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” is assigned to the 356th Infantry division recently arrived from Italy. .Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” is subordinated to I battalion of the Hungarian 4. Cavalry brigade inside the Holste’s division group.

January 26 1945: Kampfgruppe ,,Ney” takes part in an attack to extend their positions but they are driven back with heavy losses by the Russians.

 

1 The unit is also called Brigade ,,Ney”

2 Imredy was a former minister President of Hungary

3 SS-Ersatzkommando Ungarn, Budapest, VI. district Munkácsy Mihály utca 5-7

4 During the war he won both classes of iron cross and the Hungarian Knights Cross with swords

5 The unit starts with approximately 300 men

6 By now the unit is known as Kampfgruppe ,,Ney”

7 I Battalion is assigned to 3. SS Division ,,Totenkopf” and II Battalion is assigned to 5. SS Division ,,Viking”

8 This is part of IV SS Panzer Corps.

9 This brings the total strength to approximately 2 000 men of which 1870 men are combat personel

10 These two battalions along with 2 battalions from 1st Panzergrenadier Regiment and 3 other Honved battalions (II/24. III/24 and I/54) make up Kampfgruppe ,,Huppert”

11 This is lead by Haupsturrnfuhrer Paul Vadon

12 The Kampfgruppe has 5 officers and 166 other ranks killed and 2 officers and 47 other ranks are listed as missing. 300 are listed as wounded in the fighting. They had destroyed 17 tanks. They also recaptured 12 damaged German tanks that had been captured by the Russians. They were later repaired in Hajmasker and used by the 6th Company/ Panzer Regiment 1. For the fighting on the 20/21 January 1945 Adolf Hitler gave permission for kampfgruppe ,,Ney” to wear a cuff title bearing ,,SS-Regiment Ney”

13 This consists of parts of the German 6. Panzer Division and the Hungarian 4. Cavalry brigade along with a single battalion of 20. Infantry division along with parts of the Hungarian 2. Panzer Division

14 They are supported by 403 Volksartillerie Corp

 
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