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,,Hungaria" 2

February 1 1945: 25th SS divisions ,,Hunyadi” and 26th SS divisions ,,Hungaria” reunite. This situation remains unchanged for the rest of the war. By this date the Russians have already moved 50-60 kilometres closer to Neuhammer training camp.

,,Hungaria” takes over the accommodation recently vacated by the 20 SS division (Estonian) close to the 26. Artillery group.

Gruppenfuhrer Josef Grassy informs Hauptsturmführer János Zoltay that SS Headquarters has ordered that ,,Hungaria” is rebuilt and reformed as a 1945 pattern Waffen grenadier division.

Delousing continues at Sagan.
,,Hungaria” receives 400 horses.
The divisional staff arrive at Neuhammer around 16.15.
 

February 2 1945: A casualty list is complied on this day. It lists 2570 casualties of which 147 have been killed, 101 are classed as wounded and 370 have been transported with cold related injuries, the rest are classed as missing. The division’s numbers do not show this drop as about 1/3 of ,,Hungaria” remained at Neuhammer and the division has received new volunteers and new equipment.

Over the next few days uniforms are issued to the troops. Most are issued German uniforms but French, Czech and Italian items are also issued

 

February 4 1945: The last remnants of ,,Hungaria” pass through Glogau. The feld gendarmes compile the following list of troops and equipment that has passed by them. This consists of 7515 men, 71 men with light wounds and another 50 men suffering with illness. They have 827 K98k (17 with telescopic sites), 610 M1917 Mannlicher rifles, 171 Russian Tokarjev rifles, 73 Beretta sub-machine guns, 11 MG–42 machine guns, three 2 cm MG 213 types (originally aeroplane guns) 2 8 cm mortars, 5 Panzerschreck and 50 Panzerfaust. It also has seven automobiles, 15 motorcycles and 808 horse drawn vehicles (of which 441 were carts and 367 are stretcher type carriers) (27)

26. Artillery group reaches 1267 men (including 67 officers) which are partly supplied with uniforms but have no artillery pieces. These form 4 batteries, which are commander by Obersturmfuhrer Toth, Obersturmfuhrer Lontay, Obersturmfuhrer Dr. Filippiny and Untersturmfuhrer Tarkoy

 

February 6 1945: ,,Hungaria” make quarters in the area around Oldenburg and Kloppengurg.

 

February 7 1945: It is decided that the remaining units of the ,,Hungaria” division (28) are tomove out of Neuhammer camp and move approximately 50 kilometres to the south to the Deutschgabel area in order to develop new barracks. It had been decided during the previous German-Hungarian meeting that 4 divisions were to be sent to the area so sufficient stores were brought in.

 

February 8 – 13 1945: (For details of the fighting around Neuhammer camp please see the relevant dates in the 25. SS Division ,,Hunyadi” section)

A group of 35 men from ,,Hungaria” under Standartenoberjunker Balla arrives at Neuhammer on the night of 8/9 February

 

February 9 1945: Brigadefuhrer Berthold Maack arrives at Neuhammer campat around 11.00.

At around 12.40 ,,Hungaria” is split into 2 columns and leaves Neuhammer camp. Its aim is to reach the Lissa area by the end of the day. The right hand column is commanded by Waffen-Standartenführer Ödön Magyar and consists of the SS 64. Waffen grenadier regiment, the SS 26. Pioneer Regiment, the SS 26. Artillery Regiment and the SS 65. Waffen Grenadier Regiment. The left-hand column is commanded by Waffen-Standartenführer Vadnay and consists of the SS 85. Waffen Grenadier Regiment, the SS 26. Supply Regiment, the cyclist battalion and the field depot battalion. Due to the weather and the conditions on the roads Lissa is not reached and at approximately half way the columns turn around and march back to Neuhammer.

101 men from ,,Hungaria” leave Neuhammer to go to the Waffen Junkerschule der SS in Prague.

 

February 10 1945: after the previous days march ,,Hungaria” has a rest day. Brigadefuhrer Berthold Maack takes the opportunity to inspect the division and informs the headquarters staff that they are not needed as Maack has his own team with him. This is rejected by Benno Festetich (the ,, Hungária” division's adjutant) stating that the Honvéd Ministry had ordered most of the officers there and so the order to replace the Hungarian staff is not carried out.

 

February 11 1945: ,,Hungaria” leaves Neuhammer camp once again and by the end of the day reaches the  Burgundenau–Lissa– Zodel–Oberneundorf area as planned.

 

February 12 1945: Keeping the same formation and taking the same route as the previous march (and seeing part of the ,,Hunyadi” division on the way) ,,Hungaria” reaches the Goritz-Radmeritz-Ostriz-Marienthal district.

 

February 13 1945: during the march so far 21 soldiers have disappeared and another seven are sent to hospital. The commander of the right hand column publishes a warning regarding looting, plundering etc that anyone caught committing such crimes would face an SS court martial, which would result in the death penalty.

 

February 14 1945: Units of the ,,Hungaria” division have reached the Kiesdorf-Neudorf-Grosshennersdorfon district after crossing the Strahwalde region.

The 101 men going to the Junkerschule at Prague arrive in Dresden but luckily they stay outside the city and stay overnight on Pirna.

 

February 15 1945: The men on the way to Prague re-start their journey.

 

February 20 1945: ,,Hungaria” reaches the Bautzen and Zittau area. While here Maack orders the families of the division's officers and non-commissioned officers to leave the march and they are transported by the divisions supply regiment to a railway station nearby and they travel by train to the Bamberg and Bayreuth area. ,,Hungaria” carries on marching west.

 

February 21 1945: the ,,Hungária” division aim is to reach the area north of Drezda (Lichtenberg–Leppersdorf–Gross-Röchsdorf–Breitning-Hauswelde) in the hope that once there they would be transported by rail The division's columns keep their formation and while heading to Drezda the following measure’s are ordered to be taken due to the threat of Allied air raids– in between each unit of the division a 100 metre gap should be left, between the vehicles at least 10 metres should be left. In case of an air raid all infantry who have a weapon should open fire on the enemy plane. The men in vehicles (except the drivers who should stop with the vehicle) should leave the vehicles on the roads and seek cover.

 

February 25 1945: the ,,Hungária” artillery group in Canitz is informed that some of the men will be leaving the division to attend training courses. 48 men (including two officers) will be attending the towed anti tank course at Leer near the Dutch border. 34 men (including one officer) will be attending the hunter tank and assault gun course at Beneschau and 60 men (including one officer) will be attending the air defence course in Munich. They would be training along side the men from 25. Division ,,Hunyadi”

 
February 28 1945: ,, Hungária” anti aircraft and anti tank sections begin assembling at their training camps. The rest of ,,Hungaria” resume training near Gruno. The 32. SS division ,,30. Januar” division is part of the IX. Army command around Görlitz along with soldiers from 1461. Fortress Battalion. To help increase numbers in the 2 groups 250 men (including 5 officers) from the ,,Hungária” artillery group are sent to the 32. SS division ,,30 Januar” while 100 men (including 2 officers) are sent to help in the building of fortification works in Görlitz. Altogether ,,Hungaria” looses 494 men due to training courses and transfers.
 

March 1 1945: ,,Hungária” is ordered to a local freight station to load onto trains that will take them to Bayreuth. They pass through Dresden which had been recently bombed. They reach their destination roughly six days after first loading onto the trains

 

Early March 1945: ,,Hungaria” and its main divisional command post is near Beyrouth in Neumarkt (29). Training continues. The ,,Hunyadi” artillery men experience live firing but ,,Hungaria” artillery men just walk around their accommodation and only infantry start their elementary training because of the large number of recruits. The unit training is based on individual initiative- using what resources they have – the division continues not to receive its specified armament.

 

March 17 1945: The 26. (2. Hungarian) artillery group consists of 17 horses, six motor vehicles and a motorcycle along with 336 men. It has very little equipment and no artillery pieces.

 

March 19 1945: Maack is ordered by SS headquaters to take over the command of 20 SS (1 Estonian) Waffen grenadier division

 
March 20 1945: Maack leaves for his new command.
 

March 21 1945: Grassy becomes commander of 26. SS Division ,,Hungaria”

 

March 23 1945: Minister of Defence Károly Beregfy visit’s the Hungarian SS divisions along with Obergruppenfuhrer Hans Juttner, Brigadefuhrer Heinz Fanslau and General of Artillery Keiner and makes a complaint to the Germans  concerning the lack of equipment. During the visit awards are given to members of the Alarm Regiment which fought at Neuhammer.

 

April 1944: 100 Hungarian Officer Candidates after completing their training course at SS NCO School Radolfzell rejoin the 25th and 26th divisions

,,Hungária” stays  until early April in the Nürnberg and Bayreuth area when it is decided to move to Steyr in Austria.

Men from the ,,Hunyadi” engineer battalion prepare anti tank traps and other obstacles on the Naab river, they are helped by 200 men from ,,Hungaria”

 

April 9 1945: Due to lack of equipment the decision is taken that ,,Hungaria” is to be disbanded and the troops dispersed to other units.

 

April 10 1945; The troops in ,,Hungaria” are told of the decision to disband the division.

 

April 12 1945: Written orders issued by Grassy announce that ,,Hunyadi” and ,,Hungaria” should share commander

The Hungarian SS starts to move from the Nurnberg area towards Styr.

 

April 13 1945: the SS 26 (2. Hungarian) ,,Hungaria” Waffen – grenadier divisions independent story comes to an end, however one part of the division is divided into companies for other corps. The SS 26 (2. Hungarian) Waffen grenadier division (107 days old from formation) is dissolved by the Germans. The German intention is to divide the division among other corps but the Hungarians want it to stop together so the German plan is not carried out so ,,Hungaria” is absorbed into ,,Hunyadi” and it is regarded as an existing division.

A kampfgruppe is formed from ,,Hungaria” soldiers stationed at the Koenigsfelder barracks and is deployed near Menin. The kampfgruppe stay in the area until May 8 1945.

 

April 14 – 17 1945: ,,Hungaria” marches to the north west of Regensburg and on the 17th reach the river Danube.

 

April 19 1945: The men from the Junkerschule in Prague return to ,,Hungaria” as Waffen Standartenoberjunker’s

 

April 23 1945: Men from ,,Hungaria” cross the river Danube.

 

April 25 1945: A detachment from 26. Artillery under Sturmbannfuhrer Varnay (30) is in action supporting 38. SS Division ,,Nibelungen” south west of Regensburg against American forces, this continues until April 28.

 

May 3 1945: A kampfgruppe formed from ,,Hungaria” and other Hungarian SS units is in action between Tied Im Innkruis and St Martin in Austria and destroys 2 or 3 American tanks



May 6 1945: András Podhradszky and GerÅ‘ Temesváry sign the surrender document. The Hungarian SS Headquarters stay in the Attersee area until June 1945 helping the US forces with sorting out the surrender and dispersal of the Hungarian troops. The soldiers of the Hungarian SS Units are ordered to collect their soldbuchs. Around 1/3 of the Hungarian SS soldiers surrender to US forces with the rest mixing with refugees. Over the next few days most of the remaining Hungarian SS soldiers are rounded up by US forces.


Uniforms

A mixture of standard German issue field grey tunics and trousers along with captured French uniforms and Belgium jackets were worn, due to the shortage of equipment some wore their original Hungarian army uniforms.

Insignia

Collar Tabs

Standard SS collar tabs and also blank collar tabs were issued to the division. German ‘H’ collar tabs were produced at Dachau but were not issued. A limited number (approximately 1 000) of Hungarian produced ‘H’ collar tabs were issued to the Division. Homemade ‘H’ and ‘SS’ were worn.


                                                                                                 

Arm Shield
 
An Hungarian produced arn shield of a Black 'H' on national colours of red white and green was issued in very limited numbers.
 
Cuff Title

Entitled to a cuff title under the Hungarian – German Agreement no German cuff title was issued but allegedly a Hungarian Defence Ministry approved cuff title was.  It was issued in limited numbers to the division .


 


 


27 An alternate list according to one source is 810 K98k, 17 M43 rifles, 610 personal weapons (mostly Hungarian rifles) 171 Tukarev machine pistols, 73 Berrata’s, 3 heavy machine guns, 5 panzer Shreks, 50 Panzerfaust’s, 2 8cm mortars, 507 pistols,1 field telephone outfit, 5 radio sets, 808 horses, 3 trucks,7 cars and 15 motorbikes.

 

28 Men from the ,,Hungaria” division form another Kampfgruppe. This is called Alarm battalion ,,Szalasi” Please see separate section on kampfgruppe ,,Szalasi”.

29 ,,Hungaria” is based in the towns of Labersricht, Laabor, Lippertshoren, Pettenhofen, Lauterhofen, Utzerhofen, Pffaffenhofen, Kastly, Winkly, Hausen, Pielenhofen and others.

30 The size of the detachment varies, a Hungarian source states it was a single artillery piece that took part, another source says it was larger.


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