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WSS-XVII Armee Korps
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WSS-,,Gombos" & other Divisions


  
  

Waffen Grenadier Division der SS

,,Gombos"

 

January 29 1945: The date stated in one source for the official forming of the ,,Gombos" Division.

February 5 1945: A courier arrives at the Neuhammer camp with an order from Hungarian defense Minister Beregfy stating that as officers and non-commisioned offices are not available that the formation of the 3rd and 4th Hungarian SS divisions be halted and the troops moved to the ,,Hunyadi" and ,,Hungaria" divisions.

February 6 1945: Due to a shortage of uniforms and specialist troops the few troops allocated to the  ,,Gombos" division are absorbed into 25. SS Division ,,Hunyadi” and 26. SS Division ,,Hungaria” thus making a 3rd battalion in each regiment.(1)

 

 

 

Waffen Grenadier Division der SS

,,Gorgey”


January 29 1945: The date stated in one source for the official forming of the ,,Gorgey" Division.

February 5 1945: A courier arrives at the Neuhammer camp with an order from Hungarian defense Minister Beregfy stating that as officers and non-commisioned offices are not available that the formation of the 3rd and 4th Hungarian SS divisions be halted and the troops moved to the ,,Hunyadi" and ,,Hungaria" divisions.

February 6 1945: The few troops allocated to the  ,,Gorgey" division are absorbed into 25. SS Division ,,Hunyadi” and 26. SS Division ,,Hungaria”. The troops allocated may have only existed on paper.

The Alarm Regiment (or parts of it) that fought at Neuhammer is listed as a nucleus (stamm) for the 4th Hungarian SS Division ,,Gorgey” according to some sources



 

33 SS Division (version 1 – "33 SS Freiwilligen Grenshutz Division"/"33 SS Freiwilligen Grenadier Division")

According to some sources on or around October 11 1944 Kampfgruppe ,,Deak” was pencilled in to become part of a "33 SS Freiwilligen Grenschutz Division".

In August / September 1944 the  'Heimwacht/Heimatshutz' was formed from the home defense forces of the "Deutsches Mannschaft" (Hungarian ethnic-German community). After March 1944 the Germans provided arms for the local "Deutsches Mannshaft" groups and they were used as local security troops. The various groups were independant and were not under a central command. The 'Heimatshutz' (under the command of the Higher SS and Police leader Hungary Otto Winkelmann) was established to try and bring all the various 'Mannshaft' groups together to form something similar to the 'Volkssturm' regiments. SS Gruppenfuhrer Werner Lorenz at SS Headquarters was given the task to organise, train and deploy the 'Heimatshutz' units. During the early stages of planning it was decided to form the 'Heimatshutz' units into a division based on the 1944 SS Grenadier division format. On taking this decision the unofficial title of '33 SS Freiwilligen Grenadier division' was given. 8 Officers and 15 NCO's were assigned to assist in the building of the unit. 4 training camps were set up at Futak (later moved to Hidas), Villany, Nemet Boly and Nyergesujfalu. Although provided with some weaponery little in the way of uniforms and other equipment was issued. The units continued in their security duties. By late 1944 the training camps had been moved to Sopron. By early 1945 it was obvious that the 'division' was not going to be formed and the surviving members were taken over by the Austrian Volksstrum and the division number of '33' was passed to the forming French SS divsion. It is stated that the '33rd SS Division' was almost destroyed in the fighting around Pecs  whilst still forming, this may be an account of the overunning of the Villany training camp (Villany is south of Pecs) by  the advancing Russians.


The original plans for Kampfgruppe ,,Deak" may account for a source that states that Kampfgruppe ,,Deak” was attached to 33 SS Division.

 
 

33 SS Division (version 2) (2)


Some sources state a different history for 33.SS division (ungarn Nr.3) . They state that it never had more than one regiment when it was absorbed by 26. SS Division ,,Hungaria"  in January/February 1945,(3) after it was almost destroyed in the fighting around Pecs  near Budapest. This however is not noted in any history of the ,,Hungaria" division used during research for this website (please see footnote below).

 
 

33 SS Division (version 3 – "33.SS-Kavallerie-Division" (Ungarn Nr. 3))

 

The roots of this short lived division are the units of both 8.SS Cavalry Division "Florian Geyer" and the 22. SS Volunteer Cavalry Division (“Maria Theresia”) which where located at Kisber - Sur when Budapest was encircled. These were mainly care units and medical and veterinary services units along with what became SS Brigade ,,Ney” This was the area where SS Volunteer Cavalry Regiment (SS-KR) 52 was stationed.

The units then moved to the north east of Bratislava at Senec, where the recruiting depot of 8.SS-Cavalry Division “Florian Geyer” was situatated. This was classed as a "recruiting depot of the cavalry divisions" (mp No. 15 435) by the IX Corps Command in Budapest. At the end of January 1945, they were moved to the northwest of Bratislava to a collection point near the village of Leopold so stragglers could be sent to rejoin their units.

The following order was issued - Telex OKH / General Staff / OpAbt. Yes, No 1232/54 g.Kdos v. 29.1.45. This stated that the Army Group in the South under the 1.PzDiv were to immediately detach the units from the 8th and 22.SS-Cavalry Divisions and that they were to be sent to Beneschau / Prague and that “Removal be reported, " and was signed by Lieutenant General Wenck.

On 08.02.1945 SS-SS-FHA Leadership Office sent a telex to establish the 33.SS Cavalry Division using the remaining units of the 8th and 22nd SS Cavalry Divisions along with spare men of the SS-Kav.Ausb.u. Ers.Regimentes at Beneschau, south of Prague. According to one source it was to have 3 regiments (the 88, 89 and 90 KR)
In Bratislava, the "SS-ant implementation team", SS-Colonel Anton ant was formed.

The command by SS-FHA, Amt II, Org.Abt.Ia / II Tgb.Nr. II/2618/45 geh was issued on 09.02.45 and on 10.2.45 the command to rename the Divisions was carried out, number 33 went to the French “Charlemagne” division and the reformed SS Cavalry Division. got the number 37 .

An order was issued by the liaison officer of the Reich SS leader, OU on 15.02.1945: stating that firstly the Fuhrer had ordered that all parts of the 8th and 22.SS-Cavalry Division forming the 33.SS Cavalry Division, along with the SS-Kav.Ausb.u.Ers. Regiment were to go to Beneschau in Prague and that OSH was requested to adopt appropriate command and notify SS Squad Fegelein, and that secondly it was requested that the senior leaders from the 8th and 22.SS-Cavalry Divisions immediately contact SS Squad Fegelein FHQ to report in March. It was signed Fegelein, SS Squad and Lieutenant General of the Waffen SS

A final number designation was issued by the command of SS-FHA, Amt II, Org.Abt. Ia / II, Tgb.Nr. 975/45 g.Kdos. that the units from the 8th and 22.SS Cavalry Division along with SS Nachr.Abt. 109 with immediate effect were to form the 37.SS Cavalry Division.


Additional Information on 33 SS Division


Because of the short lives of  the 2 versions listed above (Heimatshutz version and 33 kavallerie version) along with the 3rd Hungarian SS division ,,Gombos''' division starting to be formed at the same time the history of all 3 short lived divisions seem to have been jumbled together.

Laszlo Deak is listed as being the commander of all 3 versions of the 33 SS Division (Ungarn Nr 3) at one time or another. The first version from 27.12.1944 - 23.01.1945. The second version is coverd by the same dates. He is also listed as commander of version 3 in mid January in some sources. This may be due to the short lives and  jumbled history of the 3 versions of 33 SS Division.  Laszlo Deak has the distinction of being listed as "commander" at one time or another of Kampfgruppe ,,Deak", 61 Grenadier Regiment, ,,Hunyadi", ,,Hungaria", XVII Army Corp (Ungarn) and 33. SS Cavalry Division (Ungarn Nr.3) according to the sources used for this website. Hungarian sources only list him as commanding 61 Grenadier Regiment and XVII Corps (Ungarn). Laszlo Deak was lined up for command of a Hungarian SS division according to some sources.




(1) There appears to be some confusion in which division the troops from ,,Gombos" where transferred to. Most sources state that they were transferred to both ,,Hunyadi" and ,,Hungaria" however the Hungarian book " Magyarország Hadtörténete Vol. 2"  states that they only went to ,,Hungaria". This may account for the 3rd battalion being number 85. Originally ,,Hungaria" was to be formed as a 1945 volksgenadier division.

(2) 2 sources list this version of the 33 SS division as 33 SS Division ,,Gombos" (ungarn. Nr.3). 1 of these lists it as  33.SS-Kavallerie-Division ,,Gombos" (Ungarn Nr. 3) .

(3)In the book "Hitlers legions" by Samual W Mitcham the division is listen as "33 SS Cavalry Division (Ungarische nr.3)" and the unit history is that it never got past regimental strength and that it was destroyed by 13.02.1945 in the fighting for Budapest. The composition of the division is listed as "various units".

 

 


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