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RFSS-,,Deak"

Unit History

 

July 1944: During the summer of 1944 some 800-1000 men express a wish to join the SS at the HQ of V Corps of the Honvédség in Szeged. Their request is forwarded to the Hungarian Ministry of Defence who contacts Georg Keppler SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS.



Georg Keppler
 

 

August 15 1944: Kampfgruppe ,,Deak” is formed consisting of Hungarian soldiers, Hungarian Gendarmes and Levente Youth (1)  members and is to be commanded by Standartenfuhrer Laszlo Deak (2)in Szeged. The unit is classed as a special troop of the Reichfuhrer SS

It is about battalion strength (slightly more than 1 000 men) and its structure is this:

Battalion Headquarters Platoon

HQ Company Security Platoon

 Communications Platoon

 Motorcycle Despatch Platoon

 

 1st Company

 2nd Company

3rd Company (Later designated the training company)

4th Company (Heavy machine gun Platoon)

Command language is to be Hungarian.

 

 

August 20 1944: A contract is signed with the Hungarian Ministry of Defence to form a new SS unit.  László Deák is assigned CO as SS- Standartenfuhrer .  Kampfgruppe ,,Deak” is taken over by the Waffen SS and is assigned as a “special  formation” to IX SS Mountain Corps under SS Gruppenfuhrer Karl Sauberweig which is headquartered  in Belgrade.

 

 

August 21 1944: The unit moves to IX SS-Gebirgskorps supply depot in Belgrade. The depot accepts the recruits and equips them.

 

 

August 25 1944: Armed and fully supplied the Kampfgruppe moves to Újvidék/Novi Sad

 

 

August 26 1944: Basic training of the green 3 Company and training of the other Companies for German weapons starts.

 

 

September 10 1944: The unit returns to Hungary.  Training starts near to the town of Titel which is in Bacs Committee.

 

 

September 21 1944: Kampfgruppe ,,Deak” is combat ready apart from the green 3 Company which is designated a training unit.

 

 

September 22 1944: The Kampfgruppe (less 3rd company who carry on training) transfer back to southern Bácska-Bánát (the unit is based in Vojvodina) where they fight Tito and his partisans under the overall command of Army Group F/Southeast. This continues until October 10 1944. The Kampfgruppe withdraw to Ujvidek.

 

October 10 1944: 3rd Company rejoin the rest of Kampfgruppe ,,Deak”

 

October 11 1944: Kampfgruppe ,,Deak” (now at full strength)  is heavily engaged in a fighting retreat along both banks of the river Danube in the south Batschka region and around Baranya under 22 SS ,,Maria Theresia” (3) and then 31. SS Grenadier division. This continues until October 28 1944.

October 13 1944: Kampfgruppe ,,Deak’’ is engaged in fighting in the Banet area.

October 28 1944: After acting as rearguard during the withdrawal, and suffering losses of 297 men (3 officers and 272 men killed and 22 men missing) and approximately 400 wounded Kampfgruppe ,,Deak” is withdrawn back to Hungary.

October 29 1944: Kampfgruppe ,,Deak” are moved to the Kaposvár area and  to Zalaszentgrót

 

October 30 1944: Kampfgruppe ,,Deak” reaches its new quarters at Balatonszentgyorgy.

November 2 1944: Kampfgruppe ,,Deak" is in the area around Szekszárd under 31. SS Division but does not actually become attached to the division. It does not become part of the defence forces on the river Danube due to the heavy casualties received in the fighting on the 28th October.

November 3 1944: Kampfgruppe ,,Deak” is officially ordered to disband and become part of 25 SS ,,Hunyadi”

November 9 1944: Laszlo Deak is promoted to Oberfuhrer and named first commander of 61 Grenadier Regiment

November 10 1944: Kampfgruppe ,,Deak” becomes part of 61 Grenadier regiment (mainly in I Battalion) 

 

 
 




 

 


1  The Levente Institution was a para-military organisation for 17 years of age and over. It was similar to the Hitler Youth but differed in respect of political and ideological training.

2
His adjutant from 15.08.1944 - 10.11.1944 was  Obersturmführer Herman Tóth.

3  According to one source Kampfgruppe ,,Deak” was attached to 33. SS Division. Please see ,,Gombos" & other divisions for full details.

 

 

 


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